The resolution was passed by both Houses of Congress in a bipartisan bid to limit the president’s power to use military force against Iran without congressional approval. The US President called it a “very insulting resolution”, arguing that it was “based on misunderstandings of facts and law”. In a statement, he said: “This was a very insulting resolution, introduced by Democrats as part of a strategy to win an election on November 3 by dividing the Republican Party.
“The few Republicans who voted for it played right into their hands.”
The resolution was introduced by Democratic senator Tim Kaine of Virginia in the wake of the US assassination of the top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani in January.
It called for “the President to terminate the use of United States Armed Forces for hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran or any part of its government or military, unless explicitly authorized by a declaration of war or specific authorization for use of military force against Iran.”
It also included a provision ensuring the President would still be able to defend the United States from “imminent attack” absent congressional approval.
After Trump’s veto, Mr Kaine accused him of going back on his pledge to ease off wars in the Middle East.
He said in a statement: “I urge my colleagues to join me in voting to override his veto.
“Unless there’s a carefully reached consensus in Congress that war is necessary, we should not be sending our troops into harm’s way.”
At the time the Senate passed the resolution, Senator Kaine argued that it was not intended to rein in any one president’s power.
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He explained: “It would apply equally to any President.
“It’s fundamentally about Congress owning up to and taking responsibility for the most significant decision that we should ever have to make.”
US-Iranian relations have deteriorated sharply ever since Donald Trump succeeded Barack Obama as president in 2016.
One of the first significant foreign policy moves the new president made was to pull the US out of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA), the nuclear deal negotiated with Iran by the US, UK, France, China, Russia and Germany in 2015.
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The Trump administration then re-imposed punitive sanctions on Iran, which have had crippling effect on the country’s economy.
Critics of JCPA said that the deal helped sponsor Iran’s reign of terror across the Middle East, by releasing billions of US dollars to Iran.
Dr Sebastian Gorka, a former strategist to the US President, told Express.co.uk: “Iran is the largest state-sponsor of terrorism in the world and has been for decades.
“As part of the disastrous JCPOA Iran deal, Obama released more than $140 billion dollars to the murderous Mullahs of Iran.
“That emboldened the regime and helped fund Soleimani’s deadly covert operations against America and our allies.”
In January, Donald Trump authorised the killing of Iran’s top military leader, Qasem Soleimani.
The US President justified the assassination by claiming that the US had received intelligence that Iran had been planning an imminent attack on four US embassies.
Soleimani was considered to be the second most influential political figure in Iran after the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.
Iran’s top general was the key architect of his country’s regional influence, leading the fight against jihadist forces and extending Iran’s diplomatic heft in Iraq, Syria and beyond.
The US president further stoked tensions with Iran, when he claimed at the beginning of April that Iranian proxies were planning a sneak attack on US bases in Iraq.
This prompted a furious response from Iran’s foreign minister, Javad Zarif, who tweeted: “Don’t be mislead by usual warmongers.
“Iran has FRIENDS: No one can have MILLIONS of proxies. Unlike the US which surreptitiously lies, cheats & assassinates.”
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